Oxfam Mali is leading a consortium of partners in Mali to scale up FMNR and other agroforestry practices suited for the Sahelian region in Mali. The project is employing innovative local governance mechanisms to combating human-induced land degradation driver such as large-scale open savanna fires and indiscriminate cutting trees for firewood and charcoal. Furthermore, to provide economic incentives, the project is strengthening value chains around valuable tree species such as Shea trees, among others.
Catholic Relief Services
Approaches to reversing land degradation
- Strategic communication and advocacy through community videos showcasing previous successful interventions, distribution of leaflets and booklets with demonstrations of various practices and local radio programs
- Developing or strengthening local governance structures around livestock, including grazing and regulation of livestock movement during dry seasons to increase tree survival rates
- Integrating FMNR and other land restoration knowledge and activities through local women groups (Village savings and Loans Associations-VSLAs).
- Strengthening capacity of local extension officers and CBOs on FMNR to accelerate scaling
- Facilitate exchange visits for farmer and local extension officers to areas that land where land restoration has occurred
- Strengthening tree-based value chains for economic benefits to farmers and incentivize adoption and protection of trees on farms
- Organizing local reward events and mechanisms for farmers adopting best agronomic practices
- Collaborating with pre-existing networks at the local and national level to ensure dissemination of information and build social and capital to influence policy change
The project in Mali will include 4 circles across the country:
- The Koutiala Circle
- The Yorosso Circle
- The Tomininian Circle
- The Circle of San
The Koutiala Circle covers an area of 12,000 square kilometres in the Sikasso region. It contains 263 villages spread across 36 rural communes. Its climate includes a rainy season from May to October, of 900 to 1000 mm of rainfall per year, and a dry season from November to April.
According to the General Population and Housing Census (RGPH) of 2009, the Koutiala circle has a population of 575,000 of which 137,000 live in the municipality of Koutiala. The area is dominated by cotton growing which encourages mechanization and stump removal to facilitate ploughing. This practice has caused soil infertility leading to a high investment in chemical fertilizers
In the Yorosso Circle, the level of desertification is steadily increasing due to uncontrolled exploitation of natural resources and lack of reforestation. According to the preliminary results of the General Population and Housing Census (RGPH) conducted in April 2009, the Yorosso Circle has 211,000 inhabitants of whom 107,000 women. It is also a densly populated region, far exceeding the national average.
The Tomininian Circle of the Segou region is located in the Sudanese agro-ecological zone whose rainfall ranges from 600 to 1000 mm. The primary crops grown in the area are millet, sorghum, maize, fonio, sesame and peanut. Land use for agriculture has increased by 150% between 2008 and 2015.
The Circle of San is a territorial collective region of Mali in Segou. It has 25 communes and covers an area of 7,262 square kilometres with a population of 334,000 inhabitants (2009). It borders the northern regions and presents itself as a highly degraded zone because of the severity of the climate.
- Direct interventions will reach 50,000 producers, 30% of whom are women
- Directly restore 100,000 hectares of degraded land
- Indirectly influence 30,000 producers, or whom 30% are women, over 60,000 hectares
- The program will improve the vegetation cover of targeted areas by improving the biodiversity of ecosystems. It will reduce and prevent water erosion that contributes to the reduction of soil fertility, improving agricultural and fodder production for food security and increased household income
- The project will enhance the value of non-timber forest products through the development of value chains, diversifying farmer’s livelihoods