FEATURING NUTRITION AND HEALTH
Fishing on the River Niger © IFPRI/Gert-Jan Stads
As CGIAR undertakes important governance changes and develops an ambitious portfolio of new research programs to tackle major global development challenges, this 2014 annual report takes stock of the lessons learned and progress made – scientifically, operationally and financially – that will enable us to harness new opportunities, generate climate-smart innovations and more effectively serve the poor over the next few years.
One of the key accomplishments was the Mid-Term Review of CGIAR reform, which led to several evidence-based recommendations and actions to optimize impact, strengthen global policy engagement and scientific assessment, scale up financing and partnerships, and become more strategic and results-oriented. The review panel’s report also helped to inform the work of the Options Team, which was commissioned to analyze governance challenges and propose potential solutions, including their costs and implications, for consideration and decision in 2015.
In 2014 CGIAR also initiated a highly consultative process with a range of stakeholders to develop a new 2016-2030 Strategy and Results Framework, the core foundational document that sets CGIAR’s future direction, priorities and objectives. The strategy delineates how to capitalize on CGIAR’s comparative advantages to contribute to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals and deliver concrete impacts – poverty reduction, food and nutrition security, and improvements in ecosystem resilience – for the benefit of rural communities across the developing world.
The Scientific Progress section of this report highlights how that is already taking place, from discoveries in the laboratory to increased productivity in the field, fisheries and forests. For example, in 2014 CGIAR sequenced 6,500 root, tuber and banana accessions from genebanks and breeding pools to better understand key crop traits, such as pest and disease resistance and tolerance to the effects of a changing climate. And last year alone CGIAR reached nearly 35 million farmers, many of them women, with new technologies and knowledge and helped to significantly increase smallholders’ incomes.
The report includes a special feature on nutrition, which underscores how CGIAR’s agricultural innovations and interventions along the entire agri-food value chain contribute to better nutrition and health, particularly by improving access to more affordable, nutritious and diverse diets for those most in need. This section showcases CGIAR’s work to develop improved polyculture and horticulture technologies and training; lessons learned from a decade of research on food safety for meat, dairy and other animal products found in informal markets; partnerships that helped to reach over 1 million South Asian farmers with high yielding lentils richer in iron and zinc; and women like Aminata Sanogo, who sparked a nutrition revolution in Mali.
None of these achievements, of course, would be possible without our many valued and varied partners, whose skills, knowledge and expertise, combined with dedication and commitment, facilitate and foster CGIAR’s research and results.
Chair, CGIAR Fund Council
Chair, CGIAR Consortium Board
Mato Grosso, Brazil © CIFOR/Icaro Cooke Vieira
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H.E. Tumusiime Rhoda Peace
High Commissioner for Rural Economy and Agriculture, African Union
Landscape of Mount Halimun Salak National Park, West Java Indonesia © CIFOR/Aulia Erlangga
CEO, CGIAR Consortium
CIAT beans shipped to Svalbard Global Seed Vault © CIAT/Neil Palmer
Drawing on significant past successes, CGIAR continued its in-depth research into producing new knowledge and delivering public goods based on its long term commitment to germplasm collections, databases and crop improvement. A powerful breeding pipeline harnesses genetic diversity, identifies valuable traits and rapidly moves to production of new varieties so badly needed by vulnerable farmers.
For example, in 2014 CGIAR sequenced the genomes of 6,500 root, tuber and banana crop accessions from genebanks and elite breeding pools to help better understand the inheritance of traits such as nutritional content, pest and disease resistance and resilience to a changing climate. This scientific backbone is further strengthened by new partnerships and collaborations that facilitate value chains and improve management of soil and water. Together, this allows CGIAR to address long-term challenges in achieving sustainable food security in the face of climate change and a rapidly expanding and urbanized global population.
The ability to respond rapidly to new diseases is one way our decades of experience pays off. Since first reported in 2011, Maize Lethal Necrosis (MLN) disease has wreaked havoc on maize production across East Africa. The spread of the disease, which kills maize plants before they can grow and yield grain, has been exacerbated by the lack of MLN-resistant maize varieties and year round cultivation, allowing the disease to spread. In response, CGIAR and partners established a facility to test and evaluate more than 26,000 inbred lines, 10 mapping populations, 21,000 pre-commercial hybrids and 80 commercial cultivars for resistance to MLN. The research identified several lines with a high level of tolerance to MLN, which, in turn, led to the commercialization of new MLN tolerant varieties in 2014. This example demonstrates the impressive expertise, capacity, technical and logistic coordination required to deliver a rapid, comprehensive response to a major emerging biological threat to agriculture-based livelihoods.
Responding to climate change requires us to constantly innovate and produce new crops that are resistant to heat, drought, salinity, disease and other stresses. For dryland communities facing food security challenges these issues are critical. In 2014 CGIAR evaluated 247 varieties of winter wheat, potatoes, chickpeas and mung beans for tolerance to salinity, frost, heat stress, drought and yellow rust. The salinity- and weed-tolerant cultivars of wheat, beans and pearl millet were disseminated to farmers in Central Asia, and North, West and Southern Africa to reduce climate-driven vulnerabilities and increase income of farm and livelihood systems.
Barley is another strategic dryland crop that provides essential food, feed and fodder for smallholder farming families living in marginal environments of the developing world. In Morocco, a survey revealed that 99% of farmers use local varieties of barley. Over half of these want to use improved varieties, but lack access to seeds and information. Taking a strategic approach of “priority setting and adoption”, CGIAR contributions resulted in a reevaluation of the Green Morocco Plan by the Moroccan Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, and the inclusion of an emphasis on barley to increase the production of certified seed from the current 1% to 22% by 2020.
CGIAR researchers estimate that adoption of superior agricultural technologies currently under development could increase global crop yields by as much as 67% and cut food prices nearly in half by 2050 relative to the projected baseline. The findings were published in the CGIAR title “Food Security in a World of Natural Resource Scarcity”.
Getting the right tools to farmers requires integrating knowledge and practice across disciplines. For example, CGIAR combines work on forest policy with work on improving trees for farmers’ fields and landscapes, we adopt new approaches to value chains, gender research, and the integration of ecosystem services with land, soil and water management. The result of combining these approaches is innovative, practical tools and techniques that farmers can use to make informed decisions that improve the efficiency of production and enhance livelihoods.
A new CGIAR mobile application developed in 2014 now puts improved rice management recommendations at farmers’ fingertips to improve yields and income. CGIAR developed two smart phone-based decision support tools: Rice Crop Manager in Asia and RiceAdvice in Africa. In the Philippines, Rice Crop Manager delivered food crop management guidelines to some 400,000 farmers. The result was an average increased yield of 0.4 tonnes per hectare and increased income of about US$ 100 per hectare per crop. In Bangladesh, Rice Crop Manager was pilot tested with farmers across the country receiving 7,600 texts providing crop management guidance, also increasing the average yield by 0.4 tonnes per hectare and increased income of between US$ 79-97 per hectare per crop. In the Mekong Delta, Vietnam, 240,000 farmers implemented best practices with a benefit of US$ 128 per hectare. In Africa, the smart phone based decision-support tool RiceAdvice is ready for roll out in Senegal, has shown promising results in Nigeria, and is being further developed in 10 other countries.
In Colombia, we are using big data analysis to develop predictive tools for informing rice farming decisions and incorporated them into farm extension systems. In close collaboration with FEDEARROZ, the national rice growers association representing more than 50,000 farmers and half a million hectares, climate information was incorporated to farm extension systems saving US$ 3.5 million in input costs. In recognition of excellence, CIAT and FEDEARROZ were awarded the 2014 Big Data Climate Challenge prize by the UN Secretary-General’s Climate Change Team. The ability to analyze masses of crop and climate data to provide farmers with accurate, site-specific forecasts and advice has huge potential, not only for rice, but also for cassava, beans and potato, the main food crops in Colombia, and other crops in other countries.
Precision Laser Land Levelling is used to achieve a highly consistent surface on fields. The result is increased water efficiency, reduced costs and higher yields. Working with the Cereal Systems Initiatives for South Asia (CSISA), the innovative technique is now practiced on over 1.5 million hectares in South Asia. In 2014, results reported a 15-30% savings in irrigation water and six percent yield increase in rice, wheat and other crops compared to traditionally leveled fields. When combined with raised bed planting, yields have been seen to increase as much as 16.6% with nearly 50% less irrigation water use and 132% higher water productivity compared to traditional practices.
In Bangladesh CGIAR is working to increase the nutritional productivity of homestead farming systems by optimizing combinations of fish, shrimp, rice and vegetables. Traditional ponds are common in Bangladesh homestead farms, but they seldom achieve high productivity. In 2014, by introducing improved fish and shrimp, combined with training we contributed to a 20% increase in production on 69,000 farms. Women-led participatory action research on small, shaded homestead ponds helped increase average fish production by more than 100% in a pilot study. The study has important implications for 4 million homestead ponds across Bangladesh.
To maximize agriculture’s contribution to nutrition and livelihoods, we couple science and technology solutions with economic, social, and governance levers.
At a global level, our researchers regularly contribute to major policy frameworks, such as assisting with the design of the food security strategy for the G20, or contributing to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change where over 14% of papers cited in agriculture sections were produced by CGIAR.
At a national level, we use a wide range of strategies to support decision-making and promote innovative practice. This year we published The Climate Change and Drought Atlas for Jordan, which offers a set of 339 maps with a comprehensive characterization of recent and expected climate changes. In Kenya, we provided climate-related science to a reality show “Shamba Shape Up” reaching more than 9 million viewers. In Rwanda, we worked with top musicians to produce a music video and live shows for more than 30,000 people promoting exhibitions and sales of iron bean seeds. Our work on policy scales technical innovations for impact at local, national, regional and global levels – with results for people on the ground.
In India, the rapidly expanding use of solar irrigation pumps will reduce demand on central power generating capacity and cut greenhouse gas emissions. Without carefully designed programs, however, the pumps could threaten groundwater sustainability. To address this, CGIAR and partners recommended key policy reforms that enable farmers to sell back surplus solar power – a solar ‘cash crop’ that motivates farmers to use water efficiently and minimize the pumping of scarce water. We advocated for this approach through the media and presented proposed policy reforms to India’s finance ministers. The Indian government’s 2014 budget provided US$ 67 million for a pilot solar pump promotion program. CGIAR scientists estimate that India can achieve its solar goal of 2 million solar irrigation pumps and put cash in farmers’ hands in the process.
Many policy makers question the efficacy of social safety nets. We sought to answer this question through the evaluation of the large-scale Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) in rural Ethiopia. Operating with an annual budget of approximately US$500 million, PSNP provides direct benefits to approximately one million participants and their households. A unique feature of the PSNP was its explicit link to interventions designed to increase agricultural productivity. Results suggest that it is possible to implement a large-scale social safety net with measurable impacts even in an environment with limited infrastructure and administrative resources. Importantly, the research also found that impacts were larger when transfers were combined with access to services designed to improve agricultural productivity.
EXTRAPOLATE is a tool for ranking policy alternatives. The tool allows us to identify stakeholders within a particular theme, such as a dairy sector, and assign them a livelihood status. The constraints that they face are identified and scored by relevance. Outcomes are identified as the effects of relaxing these constraints, and the impact of these outcomes on livelihood status can be estimated. Once the present situation is described, policy or institutional interventions can then be introduced. Their effects are estimated in terms of their impacts on constraints resulting in certain outcomes. These influence the livelihood status of the stakeholder groups. The tool is used for identifying potential entry points, and exploring trade-offs for promoting sustainable intensification in mixed farming systems. The tool is an international public good and is available to all researchers.
In a striking example of the power of policy, CGIAR research led to a change in the legal definition of agroforestry in Peru to include associations of trees and crops as legitimate forms of agroforestry, allowing farmers to legally market timber from fallow plots. This new definition allowed 450,000 smallholders to sell timber legally, thereby increasing their income and eliminating risk of prosecution. The change affects the livelihoods of over two million people and a land area of over 4.5 million hectares of the Peruvian Amazon.
CGIAR uses two major outcome indicators to measure program impact. One relates to the number of farmers and others who have applied new technologies or management practices as a result of our work. The other is the number of hectares under improved technologies or management practices as a result of our research.
US Agency for International Development
Himachal Pradesh, India © CIAT/Neil Palmer
In addition to expert input on the draft SRF, the ISPC advised on the CRP portfolio, extension proposals and implementation plan for Open Access and Data Management. In September, a workshop was jointly organized with Agriculture for Nutrition and Health (A4NH) to inform the second round of CRP proposals in terms of delivering improved nutrition outcomes. The ISPC, which welcomed a new chair (Margaret Gill) and two new members in 2014, also published reports on Biotechnology Research in CGIAR and on Data, Metrics and Monitoring, which makes recommendations to address key issues and challenges and ensure that metrics adopted are relevant across disciplines.
The ISPC supported the ‘Strengthening Impact Assessment in the CGIAR’ (SIAC) initiative, particularly in terms of collecting diffusion data for assessing the impacts of CGIAR research, and ISPC’s Standing Panel on Impact Assessment issued briefs on improved maize varieties in Ethiopia, legume research, bean research in Rwanda and Uganda. In addition, ISPC launched studies on spatial development initiatives and research for development partnerships and issued briefs related to the 2013 Science Forum, which focused on nutrition.
In 2014, the Independent Evaluation Arrangement (IEA) finalized the evaluation of the CGIAR Research Program (CRP) on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry as well as a review of the Generation Challenge Program. IEA initiated the evaluation of nine CRPs, while providing support and guidance for five CRP commissioned evaluations. The CRP evaluations focus on quality of science, effectiveness, relevance and impact as well as research management and program governance. In addition, the IEA finalized a review of CRP governance and management, which assessed current practices, identified challenges, shared lessons to improve delivery of research and capacity development and offered recommendations to support good governance and effective management. The Internal Audit Unit, a shared service among CGIAR Centers, initiated reviews of the CRPs with focus on internal control guidelines and practices for improving these practices across the CRPs.
All of the assessment activities will inform the development of the new research portfolio and enhance the relevance and effectiveness of agriculture research for development.
Developing a new Strategy and Results Framework (SRF) was a top priority in 2014. In August, a CGIAR organized workshop brought together donors, researchers, outside experts and other CGIAR stakeholders to collaborate on the Results Framework (RF) component, marking the first time that donors collectively articulated priorities and expected outcomes. Intrinsic to the development of the full SRF, production of the RF included identification of intermediate development outcomes (IDOs), and indicators and targets to track progress and achievements.
To ensure that all partners had an opportunity to share perspectives and provide input on the draft SRF, CGIAR and the Global Forum on Agricultural Research (GFAR) jointly launched a broad stakeholder consultation, which helped to refine and finalize this foundation document. In addition, Switzerland hosted a CGIAR-organized workshop, which gave donors and CGIAR experts an opportunity to discuss and forge consensus on critical issues, including the process for defining indicators and targets, principles of accountability, and CGIAR priorities.
To align the new SRF with fundraising, the Fund Office led a coordinated effort to craft its first system-wide Resource Mobilization (RM) Strategy. The effort included exploration of innovative financing and private sector product development partnership models to attract new funds and non-traditional investors.
Also high on the agenda last year was a mid-term review (MTR) of the progress of CGIAR reforms to ensure that we are well equipped to tackle global development challenges. Led by former UK Chief Science Advisor Sir John Beddington, an independent panel – whose eminent members represented a broad range of expertise and experience – began its work in January 2014. The MTR Panel made informed, evidence-based recommendations to improve CGIAR’s research and operations, from how we govern efficiently and effectively, how we partner and prioritize, to how we secure more resources, with the ultimate goal of delivering concrete, large-scale and lasting benefits for the poor.
After extensive review of information, dozens of interviews, a stakeholder survey and background studies and reports, the Panel issued its final report for discussion at the Third CGIAR Funders Forum and decision at the 12th Fund Council meeting – both organized by the Fund Office and held in Brussels in early November. Fund Council members accepted eight of the Panel’s nine recommendations and agreed to: develop a clear Vision and Mission; prioritize for maximum impact with least cost; ensure that the SRF meets donor needs and prioritizes outcomes; optimize the strength of partners; scale up partnerships to tackle significant challenges; scale up financing; optimize political impact; and optimize knowledge impact and strengthen the independent science council. With regard to the Panel’s recommendation to establish a single governance structure and board, the Fund Council commissioned an Options Team to conduct an analysis, propose specific governance options and present the strengths and weaknesses and broader implications of each to the Fund Council for a decision at its spring 2015 meeting.
A number of major global events led by CGIAR served to inform and further our mission. In September, the launch of the Global Alliance on Climate-Smart Agriculture (of which CGIAR is a founding and steering committee member) initiated a worldwide effort to protect 500 million farmers from climate change while increasing agricultural productivity and reducing carbon emissions. Building on three years of preparatory work by CGIAR, FAO, the World Bank and national partners, the Alliance – with almost 80 members from diverse sectors – provides a critical platform to improve the reach and impact of CGIAR’s work on climate-smart agriculture research.
CGIAR convened its inaugural event ‘The CGIAR Development Dialogues’ in New York to coincide with meetings of the High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development and the United Nations Climate Summit. The event focused international attention on the vital role of agricultural and ecosystems research – including livestock, fisheries and agroforestry – in addressing complex global challenges and achieving the UN Sustainable Development Goals.
The Dialogues, an unprecedented example of CGIAR-wide cooperation, demonstrated the breadth and influence of CGIAR’s research by exploring four key themes through keynote speeches, interactive sessions and informal networking: i) prosperous, food secure and resilient livelihoods; ii) healthier, innovative and inclusive communities; iii) new partnerships for development impact; and iv) climate change-resilient agro-ecosystems. The Dialogues reached global audiences through leveraging the communications powerhouse of its 15 Centers and 16 Research Programs; this included an extensive on-line media campaign, and live webcasts.
As a prelude to the day, approximately 50 donors, potential investors, and CGIAR stakeholders attended an “Investing for Impact” session featuring discussions on strategic, complex partnerships to translate research into real results, and innovative financing mechanisms.
Recognizing the need to make CGIAR’s data and other research outputs – all global public goods – easily discoverable, accessible, interoperable and reusable, CGIAR took steps to operationalize its Open Access and Data Management Policy, first adopted at the end of 2013. Several CRPs have made progress towards making data and publications open, with platforms to ensure that content spanning disciplines, scales, and geographies – from genetic and genomic outputs to field trial, remote sensing and geo-informatics – are publicly available.
CGIAR is committed to improving gender equity and diversity throughout its research portfolio and among its staff and Center Boards, with women making up 38% of the latter. A comprehensive strategy for improving diversity and inclusion in the workplace was developed alongside a reporting system. An Electronic Platform and Network to increase research efficiencies among gender experts was established as part of the Gender Research Action Plan, in addition to a postdoctoral fellowship program.
On June 2, more than 200 ministers, ambassadors, international organization leaders and other guests gathered in Montpellier to mark the inauguration of the new Consortium Headquarters, funded by France’s Languedoc-Roussillon region. The CGIAR Consortium Headquarters Agreement came into force a few weeks later, following ratification by the French Parliament.
Peter Holmgren, CIFOR Director General; Cristián Samper, President and CEO of the Wildlife Conservation Society, Chair, Bioversity International Board of Trustees; Bina Agarwal, Professor of Development Economics and Environment, University of Manchester, UK; Kwesi Atta-Krah, Director, CGIAR Research Program on Integrated Systems for the Humid Tropics © CGIAR
Beora, a small farming community in Rupandehi District, Nepal © CIAT/Neil Palmer
|Belgium||International Fund for Agricultural||New Zealand||Turkey|
|Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation||Development||Norway||United Kingdom|
|Canada||Iran||Portugal||United States of America|
A legally protected “ancient tree”, Red Earth Township, Dongquan County, Yunnan Province, China © CIFOR/Louis Putzel
The 2014 financial outcomes discussed in the section, “Financial Summaries of the CGIAR System, Centers and Research Programs”, are an aggregation of the audited financial statements of the 15 CGIAR Centers. The statements were prepared on the accrual basis of accounting. Hence, the revenues reported here are only the earned portion of funding based on revenue recognition, which, in the CGIAR context, means money spent. The CGIAR Fund, however, reports contributions based on cash receipts and disbursements, as the Fund is a channel for contributions, not an implementing agent (see “Financial Summary of the CGIAR Fund”). Therefore, some funding tables will not match the CGIAR Fund data reported in Tables 4 and 5 and in Annexes 1 and 2.
CGIAR continues to make steady progress in securing greater levels of financial resources to support its research-for-development agenda. In 2014, CGIAR system revenue, including $23 million in Center-generated income, amounted to $1.08 billion, an increase of $73 million, or 7% over 2013 revenue. Expenditure was $1.067 billion, an increase of $83 million, or 8% more than in 2013. The net result was a surplus of $13 million, as shown in Table 1, which includes data on bilateral funding as well as CGIAR’s multi-donor trust fund. Donors to the CGIAR Fund may designate their contributions to one or more of three funding Windows. Harmonized funding is channeled through Windows 1 and 2, with donors designating their contributions to specific CGIAR Research Programs via the latter. Donors can allocate funding to particular CGIAR Centers through Window 3.
Two women collect leafy vegetables in Khulna, Bangladesh © IFPRI/Farha Khan
The CGIAR Consortium advances international agricultural research for a food-secure future. It is made up of the Consortium Board, the Consortium Office, and 15 member Research Centers. The Consortium works closely with The CGIAR Fund with particular focus on the allocation of funding for CGIAR Research Programs and Research Centers, and members of the CGIAR Consortium. The Consortium brings together thousands of scientists for multidisciplinary research on challenges facing the world’s most vulnerable farmers. It links farmers and national agricultural research and innovation systems with the network of Research Centers, members of the CGIAR Consortium and its many partners. As part of its mandate to create a food-secure future the Consortium holds genetic resources for agriculture in trust for current and future generations.
Chief Executive Officer, CGIAR Consortium
CGIAR Consortium Board
The CGIAR Consortium Office was established in Montpellier, France, in March 2011, as the Consortium Headquarters, to assist the Consortium Board in carrying out its responsibilities. The Office works to globally position CGIAR, advocate for international agricultural research, and mobilize resources. In close cooperation with CGIAR’s 15 member Research Centers, its donors and partners, the Office manages the development and implementation of the CGIAR Strategy and Results Framework, overseeing CGIAR’s 16 large-scale Research Programs. The Office is in constant liaison with all 31 CGIAR entities to best promote, support and enable their work, and that of CGIAR as a whole.
The Consortium Board leads the CGIAR Consortium, providing strategic guidance and setting policies. It is responsible for the attainment of the CGIAR Consortium’s purpose. The Consortium Board membership* is comprised of 10 persons: 9 external independent members and a voting ex-officio member who is the Chief Executive Officer of the CGIAR Consortium.
Carlos Pérez del Castillo
Ex officio member
Frank Rijsberman, Chief Executive Officer
Jimmy Smith, Director General, International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)
Carmen Thönnissen, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)
Jonathan Wadsworth, Fund Council Executive Secretary
The CGIAR Fund is the largest public vehicle for financing the agricultural research needed to meet the food security challenges of the 21st century. Established in 2010, the multi-donor trust fund finances research carried out by the 15 CGIAR Centers in collaboration with hundreds of partners worldwide through CGIAR Research Programs (CRPs). The Fund aims to provide reliable and predictable multi-year funding to enable research planning over the long term, resource allocation based on agreed priorities and the timely disbursement of funds. The CGIAR Fund is governed by the Fund Council.
The Fund Office supports the Fund Council and its Chair in the conduct of its business and meetings, including liaison with CGIAR system entities. In acting as a liaison to the Trustee, the Consortium, the ISPC and the IEA, the Fund Office assists the Fund Council in maintaining its business relations and dialogue with CGIAR system entities on day-to-day operational matters, and collaborates with the World Bank Trustee. The Fund Office manages Fund contributions and relations with Fund donors, analyzes the Fund’s status and the Consortium’s compliance with performance agreements, and supports the Fund Council’s resource mobilization efforts, including by raising prospective investors’ awareness of the value of investing in CGIAR. The Fund Office, hosted by the World Bank, organizes the Funders Forum and supports its Chair.
The World Bank serves as Trustee of the CGIAR Fund and in this role has the following functions: It holds in trust the funds transferred by Fund donors under Trust Fund administration agreements. It serves as an agent of the Fund Council for disbursing Fund resources based on instructions from the Fund Council and through fund transfer agreements between the World Bank and the CGIAR Consortium. And it provides regular reports on its Trustee activities to the Fund Council, Fund donors and the Consortium.
The CGIAR Fund Council*, a representative body of Fund donors and other stakeholders, is the decision-making body of the CGIAR Fund. It sets priorities for the use of resources from the Fund and, in consultation with the Consortium, sets criteria, standards and processes for funding CRPs. The Fund Council also has responsibilities for governance, monitoring and evaluation, such as such as appointing the Independent Science and Partnership Council and authorizing a schedule of independent evaluations of CRPs and CGIAR institutional elements. The Chair leads the conduct of the Fund Council’s business and meetings.
Chair of the CGIAR Fund Council
Executive Secretary of the CGIAR Fund Council
Asia-Pacific Association of Agricultural Research Institutions
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Global Forum on Agricultural Research
International Development Research Centre
International Fund for Agricultural Development
United States of America
Carlos Pérez del Castillo, Chair, CGIAR Consortium Board
Frank Rijsberman, CEO, CGIAR Consortium
Margaret Gill, Chair, ISPC
Rachel Bedouin, Head, IEA
The Africa Rice Center (AfricaRice) is a pan-African organization dedicated to reducing poverty, hunger and under-nutrition, ensuring sustainable management of natural resources and developing capacity in Africa through rice research, development and partnership activities. www.AfricaRice.org
Bioversity International delivers scientific evidence, management practices and policy options to use and safeguard agricultural and tree biodiversity to attain sustainable global food and nutrition security. www.bioversityinternational.org
The International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) develops new technologies and knowledge that help make agriculture more eco-efficient – that is, competitive and profitable as well as sustainable and resilient. www.ciat.cgiar.org
The Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) is a non-profit, scientific facility that conducts research to inform policy and decision making on the use and management of forests and landscapes around the world. www.cifor.org
The International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) is the global leader on publicly-funded maize and wheat research. CIMMYT works to sustainably increase the productivity of maize and wheat cropping systems, thus improving global food security and reducing poverty. www.cimmyt.org
The International Potato Center (CIP) aims at achieving food security, well-being and gender equity for poor populations in the developing world through research and innovation in science, technology and capacity strengthening. www.cipotato.org
The International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) is a global agricultural research organization working with countries in the world’s dry and marginal areas to deliver sustainable systems solutions that increase productivity, improve rural nutrition, and strengthen national food security. www.icarda.org
The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) works across the drylands of Africa and Asia, making farming profitable for smallholder farmers while reducing malnutrition and environmental degradation. www.icrisat.org
The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) was established in 1975. The Institute conducts research, communicates results, optimizes partnerships, and builds capacity to sustainably reduce poverty and end hunger and malnutrition. Gender is a cross-cutting theme. www.ifpri.org
The International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) aims to improve the food security, income, and well-being of the poor in sub-Saharan Africa. We work with partners to enhance agricultural production, improve food systems, and promote sustainable livelihoods from agriculture. www.iita.org
The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) works to improve food, nutritional, economic and environmental security in developing countries through research on sustainable livestock systems – ensuring better lives through livestock. www.ilri.org
The International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) is the world’s premier research organization dedicated to reducing poverty and hunger through rice science, improving the health and welfare of rice farmers and consumers, and protecting rice-growing environments for future generations. www.irri.org
The International Water Management Institute (IWMI) researches the sustainable use of water and land to develop scalable agricultural water management solutions that impact poverty reduction, food security and ecosystem health. www.iwmi.org
The World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) increases the use of trees in agricultural landscapes to improve food security and incomes, and to advance policies and practices that benefit the poor and the environment. www.worldagroforestry.org
Aquatic Agricultural Systems (AAS), in collaboration with national governments and partners, works with communities to find new approaches to realizing the agricultural potential of aquatic agricultural systems. http://aas.cgiar.org
Agriculture for Nutrition and Health (A4NH), led by IFPRI, helps realize the potential of agricultural development to deliver gender-equitable health and nutritional benefits to the poor. www.a4nh.cgiar.org
Dryland Cereals is a global alliance for improving food security, nutrition and livelihoods of smallholder farmers dependent on climate-resilient, nutrient-rich dryland cereal crops. http://drylandcereals.cgiar.org
Dryland Systems engages in integrated agricultural systems research and innovative partnerships to improve food security, sustainable natural resource management and livelihoods in rural dryland communities. http://drylandsystems.cgiar.org
Forests, Trees and Agroforestry (FTA) aims to enhance the management and use of forests, agroforestry and tree genetic resources across the landscape from forests to farms. http://foreststreesagroforestry.org
The Global Rice Science Partnership (GRiSP) fosters impact-oriented rice research and development to reduce poverty and hunger, improve human health and nutrition, and enhance ecosystem resilience in rice production systems. www.grisp.net
Grain Legumes aims at improving health, food and nutritional security, environmental sustainability and increased smallholder income by increasing legume productivity, production and consumption. www.grainlegumes.cgiar.org
Integrated Systems for the Humid Tropics (Humidtropics) seeks to transform the lives of the rural poor in tropical America, Asia and Africa, and uses integrated systems research and unique partnership platforms for better impact on poverty and ecosystems integrity. www.humidtropics.cgiar.org
Livestock and Fish aims to increase the productivity of small-scale livestock and fish systems in sustainable ways, making meat, milk and fish more available and affordable across the developing world. www.livestockfish.cgiar.org
Managing and Sustaining Crop Collections (Genebanks) provides security in funding for the routine operations of the genebanks and works towards strengthening individual genebank’s performance, quality management and use. www.croptrust.org/what-we-do/supporting-the-global-system/global-genebank-partnership/
Policies, Institutions and Markets (PIM) leads action-oriented research to equip decision makers with the evidence required to develop food and agricultural policies that better serve the interests of the poor. www.pim.cgiar.org
Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE) promotes a new approach to sustainable intensification in which a healthy functioning ecosystem is seen as a perquisite to agricultural development, resilience of food systems and well-being. www.wle.cgiar.org
Wheat, led by CIMMYT and ICARDA, couples advanced science with field research in developing countries, to raise productivity, production and availability for the 2.5 billion who depend on wheat as a staple crop. www.wheat.org
CGIAR is a global research partnership for a food-secure future. CGIAR research is dedicated to reducing rural poverty, strengthening food security, improving human health and nutrition, and sustainably managing natural resources. Research is carried out by the 15 Centers, members of the CGIAR Consortium, in close collaboration with hundreds of partners, including national and regional research institutes, civil society organizations, academia, development organizations and the private sector. For more information, visit www.cgiar.org
This report, and additional associated content, is available online at www.cgiar.org/AR2014.
Citation: CGIAR. 2014. Annual Report 2014. CGIAR. Montpellier, France. 43pp.
Published: 3 September 2015
Compiled by the CGIAR Consortium and the CGIAR Fund Office. Design and editing by Michael Dougherty, coordinated by Hannah Edwards and Morgane Berenguer Kakule, CGIAR Consortium, and Michele Pietrowski, CGIAR Fund Office. Website by Samuel Stacey.
Special thanks to Yassir Islam, HarvestPlus, and John McDermott, A4NH, for their contributions to the report’s Nutrition Feature.
Cover photo: International Potato Center (CIP)
CGIAR CONSORTIUM CGIAR
1000 Avenue Agropolis
Tel: +33 4 67 04 7575
Fax: +33 4 67 04 7583
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org www.cgiar.org
CGIAR Fund Office
The World Bank Group
1818 H Street NW
Washington, DC 20433 USA
Tel: +1 202 473 8951
Fax: +1 202 473 8110