2016: Looking forward for future generations
The 2016 CGIAR Annual Report demonstrates the pivotal role that CGIAR’s 15 Research Centers collectively play in reducing poverty, enhancing food and nutrition security and improving natural resources and ecosystem services.
CGIAR is the largest global partnership addressing agricultural research for development. CGIAR Research Centers work on the ground with farmers in developing countries alongside partners, including national and regional research institutes, academic institutions, development organizations and the private sector.
THE CGIAR RESEARCH
Transforming global agriculture and food systems
In 2017 CGIAR embarks on a new program of innovative research programs and platforms, with a renewed emphasis on nutrition and health, climate change, soils and degraded land, food systems waste, food safety and the global stewardship of genetic resources. The portfolio is designed to contribute significantly to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals through CGIARs’ 2030 targets: 150 million fewer hungry people, 100 million fewer poor people – at least 50% of whom are women – and 190 million hectares less degraded land by 2030. The new portfolio is structured around three groups of challenge-led research programs:
Agri-Food Systems Programs
- Forests, Trees and Agroforestry
- Roots, Tubers and Bananas
Global Integrating Programs
- Agriculture for Nutrition and Health
- Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security
- Policies, Institutions, and Markets
- Water, Land and Ecosystems
Research Support Platforms
- Platform for Big Data in Agriculture
- Excellence in Breeding Platform
- Genebank Platform
Thanks to our funding partners, CGIAR research has transformed the lives of hundreds of millions of people through tangible research outcomes, and will continue to do so in the future.
CGIAR creates new improved plant varieties and develops publicly available genetic improvements in crops, livestock, fish and trees to strengthen nutrition, livelihoods and resilience in the global food system.
EXAMPLES OF IMPROVED VARIETIES RELEASED WORLDWIDE IN 2016
111 MAIZE VARIETIES
61 WHEAT VARIETIES
49 RICE VARIETIES
CGIAR SCIENTISTS AWARDED
2016 WORLD FOOD PRIZE
In 2016, four CGIAR scientists were awarded the prestigious World Food Prize for their fight against malnutrition. These biofortification pioneers were recognized for having improved the health of 10 million rural poor in Africa, Asia and Latin America.
Pulses are remarkable: nutritious, affordable and good for the environment, and yet so often overlooked. In 2016, CGIAR joined with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the lead organization for the International Year of Pulses, to celebrate these important crops.
Harnessing Opportunities for Productivity Enhancement (HOPE) brought new technologies to increase production of dryland crops, reaching more than 180,000 households in some of the world’s poorest areas of India and Sub-Saharan Africa.
RAPID RESPONSE TO CROP
AND LIVESTOCK DISEASE
CGIAR builds and maintains a global store of seeds, which houses more than 750,000 accessions across 35 global collections, as well as a diverse collection of crop wild relatives, recognized as one of the most important resources available to plant breeders in the fight against climate change.
MAIZE PROVIDES BIG
BENEFITS – PASS IT ON!
Like many farmers in the Zaka District of Zimbabwe, Appolonia Marutsvaka has suffered from lower yields in recent years, as drought tightened its grip on the land. But drought tolerant maize seed is giving this smallholder farmer, and others like her, fresh hope.
FUTURE FOR RICE
SYRIAN WAR PROMPTS
GLOBAL DOOMSDAY SEED
VAULT’S FIRST WITHDRAWAL
When typhoon Haiyan destroyed most of his coconut crop, Filipino farmer Felicito Montano turned to growing Green Super Rice (GSR).
The International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) requested the first ever withdrawal from the Svalbard Global Seed Vault in 2015.
CGIAR creates new tools – such as energy-efficient machinery – and new approaches – such as management of soil carbon and precision application of fertilizers – to help farmers and food systems become resilient, sustainable and productive.
QUALITY, LOW-COST FISH
FEED MADE BY FARMERS
In rural Bangladesh, finding low-cost, good- quality fish feed with a high content of protein and vitamins is a challenge for many rural farmers.
COMBATING AFLATOXIN –
THE SILENT KILLER
Two initiatives developed by the CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Systems offer a valuable contribution to research in drylands. Dr. Richard Thomas, a CGIAR scientist who led the work, explains.
Aflatoxin – highly toxic and carcinogenic mycotoxins that contaminate certain crops in warm regions – can cause massive damage to farmer revenues, trade and public health.
STOP BURNING AND
WITH ZERO TILLAGE
In New Delhi, 19 million inhabitants are under siege from a noxious haze generated by traffic, industries, cooking fires and the yearly burning of more than 30 million tons of rice straw from harvests in the neighboring states of Haryana and Punjab.
ADOPTION IN VIETNAM
In Senegal, a successful climate smart project is providing climate information to 7.4 million rural farmers using community radio and SMS.
An innovative study of cassava diversity in farmer fields, supported by the CGIAR Research Program on Roots, Tubers and Bananas, revealed that 90% of the cassava grown in Vietnam involves improved varieties developed using germplasm from the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT).
LETHAL LIVESTOCK DISEASE:
A DUAL OFFENSIVE
The United Nations has set ambitious targets to meet 17 Sustainable Development Goals, but choosing a particular intervention to achieve a given goal in a specific context – and measuring progress in meeting it – remains a challenge.
East Coast fever (ECF) is a devastating tick-transmitted cattle disease caused by a single-celled parasite (Theileira parva). Typically killing animals within just three weeks of infection, ECF occurs in 12 countries of Sub-Saharan Africa, costing the lives of more than 1 million cattle annually and the continent annual losses of at least US$300 million.
CGIAR convenes and participates in global and local partnerships that ensures new knowledge is adopted, and plays a critical role in major international initiatives, such as the Global Landscapes Forum, the Global Alliance for Climate-Smart Agriculture and REDD+.
A GLOBAL BURDEN
Globally, foodborne disease is responsible for an enormous health burden. Food safety challenges require the crafting of specific or more generic cost-effective solutions. Coupled with broader policy research these steps could influence tens of millions of consumers, millions of farmers and thousands of market agents in Africa and Asia.
IN ASIA AND AFRICA
EQUITY AND EMPOWERMENT
BARKING UP THE
In Brazil, large areas of Brazil nut trees, some of the tallest and longest- living trees on earth, were being cleared for farming and mining, putting livelihoods and forests at risk.
Climate change is expected to affect the price of food and the quality of diets around the world, causing an increase in annual deaths of over 500,000 by 2050.
More than 5,500 stakeholders working in forestry, agriculture, water, energy, law, finance and more came together for the fourth annual Global Landscapes Forum (GLF) on 16 November 2016 in Marrakesh, Morocco, to forge solutions to the planet’s greatest climate and development challenges through sustainable land use.
In 2016, International representatives from key sectors in agri-food research and innovation pledged to ‘leave no one behind’, committing to create more opportunities for rural women and youth, equip tomorrow’s farmers and researchers with the skills they need, and push for more increased investment, so that rural communities can grow and flourish.
The Independent Evaluation Arrangement (IEA) is an independent unit established to advise the System Council by providing accountability, contributing to learning and supporting decision- making through the conduct of evaluations on the overall performance of CGIAR research, and functions and structures of the CGIAR System.
The Independent Science and Partnership Council (ISPC) is a standing panel of scientific experts who work to strengthen the quality, relevance, and impact of CGIAR science. The ISPC provides independent advice and expertise to the funders of CGIAR and serves as an intellectual bridge between the funders and CGIAR.
HIGH IMPACT PUBLICATIONS
Global Nutrition Report 2016, the go-to reference for decision-makers, implementers and researchers for nutrition data globally, was published by the International Food Policy Research Institute. According to Altmetric, the report is in the top five percent of all research outputs ever tracked.
Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security produced 134 peer reviewed papers on climate change and agriculture in 2016, which had a wide readership. For instance, an article on setting a global target for emissions reduction in agriculture was in the top five percent of all research outputs measured by Altmetric, and was number one of 2,316 articles in the high-impact Global Change Biology.
Livestock and Fish, Humidtropics and Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security researchers co-authored an article published in the prestigious Proceedings of the National Academy of the Sciences (USA), showing that targeting poverty through improved market access and off-farm opportunities may be a better strategy for increasing food security than exclusively focusing on agricultural production and closing yield gaps.
Agriculture for Nutrition and Health, the International Livestock Research Institute and partners produced the first ever global mapping of antimicrobial use in livestock, building on momentum generated through publications on antimicrobial use and resistance in agriculture in high impact journals, including The Lancet.
Information and data are crucial raw materials to catalyze innovation and increase the impact of CGIAR, but they must be findable, accessible, interoperable and reusable, or FAIR, in order to do so.
In 2016, Open Access/Open Data/FAIR efforts focused on promoting culture change and extending support to Research Centers and CGIAR Research Programs (CRPs), and enhancing data interoperability and quality. The inclusion in 2016 CGIAR Research Program proposals and platforms of how information assets will be open and FAIR, language on data integration and interoperability, and budgets for these, represents a step forward in mainstreaming Open Access/Open Data and assuring that CGIAR and Research Center leadership recognize and support the need for resources to be FAIR – and that they are in turn supported in ensuring progress. Another major advance is the ability for CRPs to report relatively easily on progress regarding the FAIRness of their knowledge resources.
Thank you to our partners
who contributed to the
CGIAR Fund in 2016
The CGIAR 2011 – 2016 research portfolio would not have been possible without the generous support of the following funding partners.
BILL AND MELINDA GATES FOUNDATION
THE WORLD BANK
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
CGIAR greatly appreciates the contributions made by all its funding partners, and would like to thank its valued investors for their support, without which none of its work would be possible.
With an annual research portfolio of just over US$900 million, involving approximately 11,000 staff working in more than 70 countries, 40% of them women, the 15 CGIAR Research Centers are supported by Funders, countries, private foundations and regional and international organizations. These make a range of financial, technical and operational contributions, enabling CGIAR to pursue its strategic direction, follow agreed plans and deliver on promised outcomes and impact.
CGIAR Research Centers
CGIAR Member Center Headquarters
The Africa Rice Center
The International Potato Center
The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)
The International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA)
The International Rice Research Institute (IRRI)
The International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT)
The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)
The International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
The Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)
The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)
The World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)
Special thanks for the many contributions from CGIAR Research Centers and Research Programs. Compiled by the CGIAR System Management Office with design and editing by Michael Dougherty; editing by Clare Pedrick; coordination by Samuel Stacey and Sara Quinn, CGIAR System Management Office. Online interactive version developed by Samuel Stacey, CGIAR System Management Office.
Front cover: the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security Farms of the Future project uses exchange visits to connect farmers with their “future climate” and learn how to adapt and manage their practices in a variety of changing climate conditions. Nepal. Photo: Neil Palmer/CIAT.